1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018


125. New Algorithm to Enable Construction and Display of 3D Structures from Scanning Probe Microscopy Images Acquired Layer-by-Layer
Deng, W. N.; Wang, S.; Ventrici de Souza, J.; Kuhl, T. L.; Liu, G-y.  J. Phys. Chem. A 2018, DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpca.8b03417.

124. Periodic Arrangement of Lipopolysaccharides Nanostructures Accelerates and Enhances the Maturation Processes of Dendritic Cells
Liu, Y.; Wang, K-H.; Chen, H-Y.; Li, J-R.; Laurence, T. A.; Ly, S.; Liu, F-T.; Liu, G-Y. ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 20181(2), 839-850.

123. At the Cutting Edge of Surface Science: A Tribute to Miquel B. Salmeron
Carpick, R. W.; Liu, G-Y.; Hemminger, J. C. J. Phys. Chem. B 2018122(2), 399-400.

122. Three-Dimensional Nanoprinting via Direct Delivery
Ventrici de Souza, J.; Liu, Y.; Wang, S.; Dorig, P.; Kuhl, T. L.; Frommer, J.; Liu, G-y. J. Phys. Chem. B 2018122(2), 956-962.


121. "New Physical Chemistry Insight" in Experimental Bio-Physical Chemistry
Bhattacharyya, K.; Liu, G-Y.; Zanni, M. T. J. Phys. Chem. B 2017, 121, 6455.

120. Applying Pattern Recognition to High-Resolution Images to Determine Cellular Signaling Status
Lohrer, M. F.; Hanna, D. M.; Liu, Y.; Wang, K-H.; Liu, F-T.; Laurence, T. A.; Liu, G-Y. IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience 2017, 16(6), 438-446.


119. Local Mechanical Perturbation Profides an Effective Means to Regulate the Growth and Assembly of Functional Peptide Fibrils
Karsai, A.; Slock, T. J.; Malekan, H.; Khoury, F.; Lin, W-F.; Tran, V.; Cox, D.; Toney, M.; Chen, X.; Liu, G-y. Small 2016, 12, No. 46, 6407–6415.

118. Three-Dimensional Nanoprinting via Scanning Probe Lithography-Delivered Layer-by-Layer Deposition
Zhao, J.; Swartz, L. A.; Lin, W.-f.; Schlenoff, P. S.; Frommer, J.; Schlenoff, J. B.; Liu, G.-y. ACS Nano 2016, 10(6), 5656–5662.

117. Using Mung Beans as a Simple, Informative Means to Evaluate the Phytotoxicity of Engineered Nanomaterials and Introduce the Concept of Nanophytotoxicity to Undergraduate Students
Ross, S. S.; Owen, M. J.; Pedersen, B. P.; Liu, G.-y.; Miller, W. J. W. J. Chem. Educ. 2016, 93(8), 1428-1433.


116. High-Resolution Imaging of Cells Using Current Sensing Atomic Force Microscopy
Shi, L.; Katan, A.; Zhao, J.; Salmeron, M.; Liu, G-y. Letters in Applied NanoBioScience 2015, 4(4), 326-320.

115. "Size Independent" Single Electron Tunneling
Zhao, J.; Sun, S.; Swartz, L. Riechers, S.; Hu, P.; Chen, S.; Zheng, J.; Liu, G.-y. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2015, 6(24), 4986-4990.

114. Single-Cell Mechanics Provides an Effective Means to Probe in vivo Interactions between Alveolar Macrophages and Silver Nanoparticles
Liu, Y. X.; Karsai, A.; Anderson, D. S.; Silva, R. M.; Uyeminami, D. L.; Van Winkle, L. S.; Pinkerton, K. E.; Liu, G.-y. J. Phys. Chem. B 2015, 119(49), 15118-15129.

113. Single-cell Mechanics – An Experimental-Computational Method for Quantifying the Membrane-cytoskeleton Elasticity of Cells
Tartibi, M.; Liu, Y. X.; Liu, G.-Y.; Komvopoulos, K. Acta Biomaterialia 2015, 27, 224-235.

112. Core/Shell/Shell Nanomaterials of NaYF4: Yb, Er/Silica/Polystyrene with High Thermal Stability
Zhang, M.; Herrera, M.; Patten, T. E.; Augustine, M.; Sun, L-D.; Yan, C-H.; Liu, G-y. Int. J. Nanoparticles Nanotech. 2015, 1(1), 1-7.

111. Engineered Nanostructures of Haptens Lead to Unexpected Formation of Membrane Nanotubes Connecting Rat Basophilic Leukemia Cells
Li, J-R.; Ross, S. S.; Liu, Y.; Liu, Y. X.; Wang, K-h.; Chen, H-Y.; Liu, F-T.; Laurence, T. A.; Liu, G-y. ACS Nano 2015, 9, 6738-6746 (cover). NOTE: article was published in 2016 by World Biomedical Frontier

110. Impact of Nanografting on the Local Structure of Ternary Self-Assembled Monolayers
Bu, D.; Riechers, S.; Liang, J.; Liu, G-y. Nano Research 2015, 8(6), 2102-2114.

109. Engineering Amyloid Fibrils from β-Solenoid Proteins for Biomaterials Applications
Peralta, M. D. R.; Karsai, A.; Ngo, A.; Sierra, C.; Fong, K. T.; Hayre, N. R.; Mirzaee, N.; Ravikumar, K. M.; Kluber, A. J.; Chen, X.; Liu, G-y.; Toney, M. D.; Singh, R. R.; Cox, D. L. ACS Nano 2015, 9, 449-463.

108. High-Resolution Imaging of Polyethylene Glycol Coated Dendrimers via Combined Atomic Force and Scanning Tunneling Microscopy
Riechers, S.; Zhong, Q.; Yin, N-N.; Karsai, A.; da Rocha, S. R. P.; Liu, G-y. Journal of Drug Delivery 2015 Article ID 535683, 10 pages.


107. Interaction Forces between Ternary Lipid Bilayers Containing Cholesterol
Kurniawan, J.; Yin, N. N.; Liu, G-y.; Kuhl, T. L. Langmuir 2014, 30, 4997-5004.

106. Observation and Alteration of Surface States of Hematite Photoelectrodes
Du, C.; Zhang, M.; Jang, J. W.; Jang, L.; Liu, G-y.; Wang, D. J. Phys. Chem. C 2014, 118, 17054-17059.

105. In Situ and Real-Time Atomic Force Microscopy Studies of the Stability of Oligothiophene Langmuir-Blodgett Monolayers in Liquid
Yin, N. N.; Buyanin, A.; Riechers, S. L.; Lee, O. P.; Fréchet, J. M. J.; Salmeron, M.; Liu, G-y. J. Phys. Chem. C 2014, 118, 5789-5795.

104. New Approach to Investigate the Cytotoxicity of Nanomaterials Using Single Cell Mechanics
Zimmer, C. C.; Liu, Y. X.; Morgan, J. T.; Yang, G.; Wang, K. H.; Kennedy, I. M.; Barakat, A. I.; Liu, G-y. J. Phys. Chem. B 2014, 118(5), 1246-1255.



103. Particle Lithography Enables Fabrication of Multicomponent Nanostructures
Lin, W. F.; Swartz, L. A.; Li, J-R.; Liu, Y.; Liu, G-y. J. Phys. Chem. C 2013, 117(44), 23279-23285.



102. Receptor-Mediated Transcytosis: A Mechanism for Active Extravascular Transport of Nanoparticles in Solid Tumors
Wei, l.; Xiong, C.; Zhang, R.; Shi, L. F.; Huang, M.; Zhang, G.; Song, S.; Huang, Q.; Liu, G-y.; Li, C. Journal of Controlled Release 2012, 161(3), 959-966.

101. Improving Hematite's Solar Water Splitting Efficiency by Incorporating Rare-Earth Upconversion Nanomaterials
Zhang, M.; Lin, L. J.; Mullen, T. J.; Lin, W. F.; Sun, L. D.; Yan, C. H.; Patten, T. E.; Wang, D. W.; Liu, G-y. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2012, 3(21), 3188-3192.

100. Near-Field Scanning Optical Microscopy Enables Direct Observation of Moire Effects at the Nanometer Scale
Lin, W. F.; Li, J-R; Liu, G-y. ACS Nano 2012, 6(10), 9141-9149.

99. Nanogratings of Fibronectin Provide an Effective Biochemical Cue for Regulating Focal Adhesion and Cellular Structure
Shi, L. F.; Li, J-R.; Shih, Y-P.; Lo, S. H; Liu, G-y. Nano Research 2012, 5(8), 565-575.

98. F-Actin Reassembly during Focal Adhesion Impacts Single Cell Mechanics and Nanoscale Membrane Structure
Zimmer, C. C.; Shi, L. F.; Shih, Y. P.; Li, J-R; Jin, L; Lo, S. H; Liu, G-y. Science China, Chemistry 2012, 55(9), 1922-1930.

97. Nanostructures of Designed Geometry and Functionality Enable Regulation of Cellular Signaling Processes
Li, J-R.; Shi, L.; Deng, Z.; Lo, S. H.; Liu, G-y. Biochemistry 2012, 51(30), 5876-5893.

96. Two-Dimensional Crystallization of Hexagonal Bilayer with Moiré Patterns
Chen, Z. G.; Xu, Z. P.; Zhang, M.; Zhou, Y.; Liu, M.; Patten, T.; Liu, G-y.; Li, H.; Zeng, X. C.; Tan, L. J. Phys. Chem. B 2012, 116(14), pp 4363–4369.


95. Engineered Nanostructures of Antigen Provide an Effective Means for Regulating Mast Cell Activation
Deng, Z.; Weng, I-C.; Li, J-R.; Chen, H-Y.; Liu, F-T.; Liu, G-y. ACS Nano 2011, 5(11),   8672-8683.

94. Fabrication and Characterization of Rare-Earth-Doped Nanostructures on Surfaces
Mullen, T. J.; Zhang, M.; Feng, W.; El-Khouri, R. J.; Sun, L. d.; Yan, C. H.; Patten, T. E.; Liu, G-y. ACS Nano 2011, 5(8), 6539-6545.

93. High-Resolution Imaging of Dendrimers Used in Drug Delivery via Scanning Probe Microscopy
Shi, L. F.; Fleming, C. J.; Riechers, S. L.; Yin, N. N.; Luo, J.; Liu, G-y. Journal of Drug Delivery 2011, ID# 254095, 1-12.

92. Hierarchical Micro- and Nanoscale Structures on Surfaces Produced Using a One-Step Pattern Transfer Process
Li, J. R.; Yin, N. N.; Liu, G-y. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2011, 2, 289-294.

91. High-Resolution Imaging of the Intramolecular Structure of Indomethacin-Carrying Dendrimers by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy
Fleming, C. J.; Yin, N. N.; Riechers, S. L.; Chu, G.; Liu, G-y. ACS Nano 2011, 5(3), 1685-1692.


90. Well-Defined, Size-Tunable, Multifunctional Micelles for Efficient Paclitaxel Delivery for Cancer Treatment
Luo, J.; Xiao, K.; Li, Y.; Lee, J. S.; Shi, L.; Tan, Y-H.; Li Xing, L.; Cheng, R. H.; Liu, G-y.; Lam, K. S. Bioconjugate Chem. 2010, 21(7), 1216-1224.

89. Driving the "Structure-Property-Function" Paradigm of Protein and DNA via Physical Chemistry Editorial
Liu, G-y. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2010, 1(22), 3305.

88. Regulation of Local Structure and Composition of Binary Disulfide and Thiol Self-Assembled Monolayers Using Nanografting
Bu, Donglei.; Mullen, Thomas J.; Liu, G-y. ACS Nano 2010, 4(11), 6863-6873.

87. Single Cell Mechanics of Keratinocyte Cells
Lulevich, V.; Yang, H. Y.; Isseroff, R. R.; Liu, G-y. Ultramicroscopy 2010, 110(12), 1435-1442.

86. Single Cell Mechanics Provides a Sensitive and Quantitative Means for Probing Aβ Peptide - Neuronal Cell Interactions
Lulevich, V.; Zimmer, C.; Hong, H. S.; Jin, L. W.; Liu, G-y. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. 2010, 107(31), 13872-13877.

85. Scanning Probe-Based Lithography for Production of Biological and Organic Nanostructures on Surfaces
Yang, G.; Garno, J.; Liu, G-y. In Comprehensive Nanoscience and Technology; Eds. Andrews, D.; Scholes, G.; Wiederrecht, G.; Elsevier 2010; ISBN 13: 978-0-12-374390-9.

84. Applications of Atomic Force Microscopy in Biophysical Chemistry of Cells
Deng, Z.; Lulevich, V.; Liu, F. T.; Liu, G-y. J. Phys. Chem. B (Feature Article and Cover) 2010, 114, 5971-5982.



83. The Role of OTS Density on Pentacene and C60 Nucleation, Thin Film Growth, and Transistor Performance
Virkar, A.; Mannsfeld, S.: Oh, J. H.; Toney, M. F.; Tan, Y. H.; Liu, G-y.; Scott, J. C.; Miller, R.; Bao, Z. Adv. Funct. Mater. 2009, 19, 1962–1970.

82. Evaporation Induced Two-Dimensional Buckling within Liquid Droplet
Chen, Z.; Liu, M.; Liu, G-y.; Tan, L. Appl. Phys. Lett. 2009, 95, 223104.

81. Positioning and Guidance of Neurons on Gold Surfaces by Directed Assembly of Proteins Using Atomic Force Microscopy
Staii, C.; Viesselmann, C.; Ballweg, J.; Shi, L.; Liu, G.-y.; Williams, J. C.; Dent, E. W.; Coppersmith, S. N.; Eriksson, M. A. Biomaterials 2009, 30, 3397-3404.

80. Cell Tracing Dyes Significantly Change Single Cell Mechanics
Lulevich, V.; Shih, Y.; Lo, S. H.; Liu, G-y. J. Phys. Chem. B 2009, 113, 6511-6519.

79. Arrays of Carbon Nanofibers as a Platform for Biosensing at the Molecular Level and for Tissue and Implantation
Koehne, J. E.; Chen, H.; Cassell, A.; Liu, G-y.; Li, J.; Meyyappan, M. Bio-Medical Materials and Engineering 2009, 19, 35-43.

78. Deformation and Hyperfine Structures of Dendrimers Investigated by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy
Fleming, C. J.; Liu, Y. X.; Deng, Z.; Liu, G-y. J. Phys. Chem. A 2009, 113(16), 4168-4174.

77. Impact of Actin Rearrangement and Degranulation on the Membrane Structure of Primary Mast Cells: A Combined Atomic Force and Laser Scanning Confocal Microscopy Investigation
Deng, Z.; Zink, T.; Chen, H.; Walters, D.; Liu, F.-T.; Liu, G-y. Biophys. J. 2009, 96, 1629-1639.



76. A Nanoengineering Approach for Investigation and Regulation of Protein Immobilization
Tan, Y. H.; Liu, M.; Nolting, B.; Go, J. G.; Gervay-Hague, J.; Liu, G-y. ACS Nano 2008, 2(11), 2374-2384.

75. Use of Photolithography to Encode Cell Adhesive Domains into Protein Microarrays
Lee, J. Y.; Shah, S. S.; Zimmer, C. C.; Liu, G-y.; Revzin, A. Langmuir 2008, 24, 2232-2239.

74. High-Resolution Three-Dimensional Imaging of the Rich Membrane Structures of Bone Marrow-derived Mast Cells
Zink, T.; Deng, Z.; Chen, H.; Yu, L.; Liu, F. T.; Liu, G-y. Ultramicroscopy 2008, 109, 22-31. (cover)

73. Self-Organization of a New Fluorous Porphyrin and C60 Films on Indium-Tin-Oxide Electrode
Varotto, A.; Louis, T.; Vinodu, M.; Koehne, J.; Liu, G-y.; Drain, C. M. Chem. Commun. 2008, Issue 40, 4921-4923.

72. Nanografting for Surface Physical Chemistry
Liu, M.; Amro, N.; Liu, G-y. Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 2008, 59, 367-86.


71. Structural Characterization of Aldehyde-terminated Self-Assembled Monolayers
Riposan, A.; Li, Y.; Tan, Y. H.; Galli, G.; Liu, G-y. J. Phys. Chem. A 2007, 111, 12727-12739.


70. Significance of Local Density of States in the Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Imaging of Alkanethiol Self-assembled Monolayers
Riposan, A.; Liu, G-y. J. Phys. Chem. B 2006, 110(47), 23926-23937.

69. High-Efficiency Stepwise Contraction and Adsorption Nanolithography
Tan, L.; Ouyang, Z.; Liu, M.; Ell, J.; Hu, J.; Patten, T. E.; Liu, G-y. J. Phys. Chem. B 2006, 110(46), 23325-23320.

68. A Nanoengineering Approach to Regulate the Lateral Heterogeneity of Self-Assembled Monolayers
Yu, J.-J.; Tan, Y. H.; Li, X.; Kuo, P.-K.; Liu, G-y. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2006, 128(35), 11574-11581.

67. Cell Mechanics Using Atomic Force Microscopy-Based Single-Cell Compression
Lulevich, V.; Zink, T.; Chen, H.-Y.; Liu, F.-T.; Liu, G-y. Langmuir 2006, 22(19), 8151-8155 (cover).

66. A Simple Miniaturization Protocol to Produce Multicomponent Micro- and Nanostructures
Ouyang, Z.; Tan, L.; Liu, M.; Judge, O. S.; Zhang, X.; Li, H.; Hu, J.; Patten, T. E.; Liu, G-y. SMALL 2006, 7, 884-887 (cover).

65. Measuring the Size Dependence of Young's Modulus Using Force Modulation Atomic Force Microscopy
Price, W. J.; Leigh, S. A.; Hsu, S. M.; Patten, T. E.; Liu, G-y. J. Phys. Chem. A 2006, 110, 1382-1388.

64. Polyvalent Interactions of HIV-gp120 Protein and Nanostructures of Carbohydrate Ligands
Yu, J.; Nolting, B.; Tan, Y. H.; Li, X.; Gervay-Hague, J.; Liu, G-y. Nanobiotechnology 2006, 1, 201-210.


63. Probing Local Structure and Mechanical Response of Nanostructures Using Force Modulation and Nanofabrication
Price, W. J.; Kuo, P. K.; Lee, T. R.; Colorado, R.; Ying, Z. C.; Liu, G-y. Langmuir 2005, 21, 8422-8428.

62. Single Electron Tunneling and Manipulation of Nanoparticles on Surfaces at Room Temperature
Yang, G.; Tan, L.; Yang, Y.; Chen, S.; Liu, G-y. Surf. Sci. 2005, 589, 129-138.

61. Hybridization with Nanostructures of Single-Stranded DNA
Liu, M.; Liu, G-y. Langmuir 2005, 21, 1972-1978.


60. Molecular-Level Approach to Inhibit Degradations of Alkanethiol Self-Assembled Monolayers in Acqueous Media
Yang, G.; Amro, N. A.; Starkewolfe, Z. B.; Liu, G-y. Langmuir 2004, 20, 3995-4003.


59. Scanning Probe Lithography of Self-Assembled Monolayers
Yang, G.; Amro, N. A.; Liu, G-y. Proc. SPIE  2003, 5220, 52-65.

58. Synthesis of Gold Glyconanoparticles and Biological Evaluation of Recombinant Gp120 Interactions
Nolting, B.; Yu, J. J.; Liu, G-y.; Cho S.-J.; Kauzlarich S.; Gervay-Hague, J. Langmuir 2003, 19, 6465- 6473.

57. New Insights for Self-Assembled Monolayers of Organothiols on Au(111) Revealed by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy
Yang, G.; Liu, G-y. J. Phys. Chem., Feature Article 2003, 107, 8746-8759.

56. Structures of Annealed Decanethiol Self-Assembled Monolayers on Au(111): An Ultrahigh Vacuum Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Study
Qian, Y.; Yang, G. H.; Yu, J. J.; Jung, T. A.; Liu, G-y. Langmuir 2003, 19, 6056-6065.

55. Precise Positioning of Nanoparticles on Surfaces Using Scanning Probe Lithography
Garno, J. C.; Yang, Y.; Amro, N. A.; Cruchon-Dupeyrat, S.; Chen, S.; Liu, G-y. Nano Lett.2003, 3, 389-395.


54. Nanostructures of Organic Molecules and Proteins on Surfaces
Amro, N. A.; Garno, J. C.; Liu, M.; Wadu-Mesthrige, Liu, G-y. Proc. SPIE  2002, 4807, 10-22.

53. Production of Periodic Arrays of Protein Nanostructures Using Particle Lithography
Garno, J. C.; Amro, N. A.; Wadu-Mesthrige, K.; Liu, G-y. Langmuir 2002, 18(21); 8186-8192.

52. Three-Dimensional Nanostructure Construction via Nanografting: Positive and Negative Pattern Transfer
Liu, J.-F.; Cruchon-Dupeyrat, S.; Garno, J. C.; Frommer, J.; Liu, G-y. Nano Lett.2002, 2(9); 937-940.

51. Self-Assembled Multilayers of 4,4'-Dimercaptobiphenyl Formed by Cu(II)-Catalyzed Oxidation
Brower, T. L.; Garno, J. C.; Ulman, A.; Liu, G-y.; Yan, C.; Golzhauser, A.; Grunze, M. Langmuir 2002, 18(16), 6207-6216.

50. Production of Nanostructures of DNA on Surfaces
Liu, M.; Amro, N. A.; Chow, C. S.; Liu, G-y. Nano Lett.2002, 2(8); 863-867.

49. Positioning Protein Molecules on Surfaces: A Nanoengineering Approach to Supramolecular Chemistry
Liu, G-y.; Amro, N. A. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 2002, 99, 5165-5170.

48. Room Temperature Solution Synthesis of Alkyl-Capped Tetrahedral Shaped Silicon Nanocrystals
Baldwin, R. K.; Pettigrew, K. A.; Garno, J. C.; Power, P. P.; Liu, G-y.; Kauzlarich, S. M. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2002, 124(7); 1150-1151.


47. Self-Assembled Rigid Monolayers of 4 '-Substituted-4-mercaptobiphenyls on Gold and Silver Surfaces
Kang, J. F.; Ulman, A.; Liao, S.; Jordan, R.; Yang, G. H.; Liu, G-y. Langmuir 2001, 17, 95-106.

Publications above represent research work at University of California, Davis

Publications #17 through #46 represent research work at Wayne State University

46. "Contact Resonance Imaging - A Simple Approach to Improve the Resolution of AFM for Biological and Polymeric Materials"
Wadu-Mesthrigge, K.; Amro, N. A.; Garno, J. C.; Cruchon-Dupeyrat, S.; Liu, G-y. Appl. Surf. Sci. 2001, 175-176, 391-398.

45. "Characterization of AFM Tips Using Nanografting"
Xu, S.; Amro, N. A.; Liu, G-y. Appl. Surf. Sci. 2001, 175-176, 649-655.

44. "Nanofabrication Using Computer-assisted Design and Automated Vector-Scanning Probe Lithography"
Cruchon-Dupeyrat, S.; Porthun, S.; Liu, G-y. Appl. Surf. Sci. 2001, 175-176, 636-642.

43. "Fabrication of Nanometer-Sized Protein Patterns Using Atomic Force Microscopy and Selective Immobilization"
Wadu-Mesthrige, K.; Amro, N. A.; Garno, J. C.; Liu, G-y. Biophysical J. 2001, 80, 1891-1899.

42. "Polytetrahydrofuran Cross-Linked Polystyrene Resins for Solid-Phase Organic Synthesis"
Toy, P. H.; Reger, T. S.; Garibay, P.; Garno, J. C.; Malikeyil, J. A.; Liu, G-y.; Janda, K. D. J. Combinatorial Chem. 2001, 3, 117-124.


41. "Nanocomposites by Electrostatic Interactions: 1. Impact of Sublayer Quality on the Organization of Functionalized Nanoparticles on Charged Self-Assembled Layers"
Auer, F.; Scotti, M.; Ulman, A.; Jordan, R.; Sellergren, B.; Garno, J.; Liu, G-y. Langmuir 2000, 16, 7554-7557.

40. "Immobilization of Proteins on Self-Assembled Monolayers"
Wadu-Mesthrige, K.; Amro, N. A.; Liu, G-y. Scanning 2000, 22, 380-388.

39. "Visualizing Bacteria at High Resolution"
Kotra, L. P.; Amro, N. A.; Liu, G-y.; Mobashery, S. ASM News 2000, 66, 675-681.

38. "Nanomolar Scale Nitric Oxide Generation from Self-Assembled Monolayer Modified Gold Electrodes"
Hou, Y.; Chen, Y.; Amro, N.; Wadu-Mesthrige, K.; Andreana, P. R.; Liu, G-y.; Wang, P. G. Chem. Commun. 2000, (19), 1831-1832.

37. "Arenethiols Form Ordered and Incommensurate Self-Assembled Monolayers on Au(111) Surfaces"
Yang, G.; Qian, Y.; Engtrakul, C.; Sita, L. R.; Liu, G-y. J. Phys. Chem B, 2000, 104, 9059-9062.

36. "Nanofabrication of Self-Assembled Monolayers Using Scanning Probe Lithography"
Liu, G-y.; Xu, S.; Qian, Y. Acc. Chem. Res. 2000, 33, 457-466.

35. "Patterning Surfaces Using Tip Directed Displacement and Self-Assembly"
Amro, N. A.; Xu, S.; Liu, G-y. Langmuir 2000, 16 (7), 3006-3009.

34. "High-Resolution Atomic Force Microscopy Studies of the Escherichia coli Outer Membrane: The Structural Basis for Permeability"
Amro, N. A.; Kotra, L. P.; Wadu-Mesthrige, K.; Bulchevy, A.; Mobashery, S.; Liu, G-y. Langmuir 2000, 16 (6), 2789-2796.


33. "Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Vapor Deposition of Titanium Aluminum Nitride Films"
Scheper, J. T.; Wadu-Mesthrige, K.; Proscia, J. W.; Liu, G-y.; Winter, C. H. Chem. Mater. 1999, 11, 3490-3496.

32. "Fabrication and Imaging of Nanometer-Sized Protein Patterns"
Wadu-Mesthrige, K.; Xu, S.; Amro, N. A.; Liu, G-y. Langmuir 1999, 15, 8580-8583.

31. "Dynamics Escherichia coli"
Kotra, L. P.; Golemi, D.; Amro, N. A.; Liu, G-y.; Mobashery, S. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1999, 121, 8707-8711.

30. "Structural Basis of the Escherichia coli Outer-Membrane Permeability"
Amro, N. A.; Kotra, L. P.; Wadu-Mesthrige, K.; Bulchevy, A.; Mobashery, S.; Liu, G-y. Proc. SPIE 1999, 3607, 108-122.

29. "Fabrication of Nanometer Scale Patterns within Self-Assembled Monolayers by Nanografting"
Xu, S.; Miller, S.; Laibinis, P. E.; Liu, G-y. Langmuir 1999, 15, 7244-7251.

28. "Imaging Nanoscopic Elasticity of Thin Film Materials by Atomic Force Microscopy: Effects of Force Modulation Frequency and Amplitude"
Jourdan, J.; Cruchon-Dupeyrat, S. J.; Huang, Y.; Kuo, P. K.; Liu, G-y. Langmuir 1999, 15, 6495-6504.

27. "Correspondence between Layer Morphology and Intralayer Excitation Transport Dynamics in Zirconium-Phosphonate Monolayers"
Horne, J. C.; Huang, Y.; Liu, G-y.; Blanchard, G. J. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1999, 121, 4419 - 4426.


26. "Nanometer Scale Fabrication of Self-Assembled Monolayers: Nanoshaving and Nanografting"
Liu, G-y.; Xu, S. In New Directions in Materials Synthesis, Ed. Winter, C. H.; Hoffman, D. 1998, ACS Symposium Series 727, 199 - 208.

25. "Accelerating the Kinetics of Thiol Self-Assembly on Gold-A Spatial Confinement Effect"
Xu, S.; Laibinis, P. E.; Liu, G-y. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1998, 120, 9356 - 9361.

24. "In Situ Studies of Thiol Self-Assembly on Gold from Solution Using Atomic Force Microscopy"
Xu, S.; Cruchon-Dupeyrat, S. J. N.; Garno, J. C.; Liu, G-y.; Jennings, G. K.; Yong, T. H.; Laibinis, P. E. J. Chem. Phys. 1998, 108, 5002 - 5012.

23. "Atomic Force Microscopy Studies of Self-Assembled Monolayers of Thiols"
Liu, G-y., Xu, S., Cruchon-Dupeyrat, S. In Thin Film: Self-Assembled Monolayers of Thiols; Ed. A. Ulman, 1998, 24, 81 - 110.


22. "Nanometer-Scale Elasticity Measurements Using Atomic Force Microscopy"
Kiridena, W.; Jain, V.; Kuo, P. K.; Liu, G-y. Surf. Interface Anal. 1997, 25, 383-389.

21. "Nanometer-Scale Fabrication by Simultaneous Nanoshaving and Molecular Self-Assembly"
Xu, S.; Liu, G-y. Langmuir 1997, 13, 127 - 129.

20. "Atomic Force Microscopic Study of Specific Antigen/Antibody Binding"
Browning, M.; Wadu-Mesthrige, K.; Hari, V.; Liu, G-y. Langmuir 1997, 13, 343 - 350.


19. "Conjugated Polymers with Main Chain Chirality. 2. Synthesis of Optically Active Polyarylenes"
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